Of all the fruit trees of the tropics, none is more widely distributed nor more appreciated as an ornamental than the tamarind. The tamarind, a slow-growing, long-lived, massive tree reaches, under favorable conditions, a height of 24-30 m. During each season, the tree bears irregularly curved pods in abundance all along its branches. Each pod has thick outer shell encasing deep brown color sticky pulp enveloping 2-10 hard dark-brown color seeds.This tangy tropical fruit is a powerhouse of antioxidants, flavonoids and vitamin C and A, which help fight against the formation of free radicals.
Native to tropical Africa, the tree grows wild throughout the Sudan and was so long ago introduced into and adopted in India that it has often been reported as indigenous there also, and it was apparently from this Asiatic country that it reached the Persians and the Arabs who called it "tamar hindi",giving rise to both its common and generic names.
The tree has long been naturalized in the East Indies and the islands of the Pacific. One of the first tamarind trees in Hawaii was planted in 1797. The tamarind was certainly introduced into tropical America, Bermuda, the Bahamas, and the West Indies much earlier. In all tropical and near-tropical areas, including South Florida, it is grown as a shade and fruit tree, along roadsides and in dooryards and parks. Mexico has over 4,440 hectares of tamarinds, mostly in the states of Chiapas, Colima, Guerrero, Jalisco, Oaxaca and Veracruz. There are commercial plantings in Belize and other Central American countries and in northern Brazil.
Serving size: 100 grams
Protein: 2.8 gram
Fat: 0.6 grams
Carbohydrate: 62.5 grams
Dietary Fiber : 5.1 grams
The sweet and tangy tamarind is found in almost every Indian kitchen. People love having it as a sweet candy, jelly or chutney. However, apart from its yummy taste and its know health benefits, tamarind can also be included in the beauty routine. Tamarind when applied on skin soothes irritation and inflammation. It lightens the skin and reduces dark spots and pigmentation.