Definitions and principles
IFOAM is the international umbrella organisation of the worldwide organic movement. As such, it has formulated the four Principles of Organic Agriculture. Which are:
Organic Agriculture should sustain and enhance the health of soil, plant, animal, human and planet as one and indivisible.
Organic Agriculture should be based on living ecological systems and cycles, work with them, emulate them and help sustain them.
Organic Agriculture should build on relationships that ensure fairness with regard to the common environment and life opportunities.
Organic Agriculture should be managed in a precautionary and responsible manner to protect the health and well-being of current and future generations and the environment.
The complete text of the Principles
The complete text of the Principles of Organic Agriculture can be found here on IFOAM's website.
IFOAM's definition of organic farming
"Organic Agriculture is a production system that sustains the health of soils, ecosystems and people. It relies on ecological processes, biodiversity and cycles adapted to local conditions, rather than the use of inputs with adverse effects. Organic Agriculture combines tradition, innovation and science to benefit the shared environment and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved."